Corey, R.B., Tyler, E.J.  Water Softeners, CMHC, Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/co/maho/wawa/wawa_005.cfm - October 2008. Pour about a mugs worth of water around each salt block. Hi, Water Softener Operating & Maintenance Manuals & Guides. Select the correct installation or operation & repair manual for your water softener brand and model to be sure that you have exactly the right instructions for installing, maintaining, or troubleshooting your water conditioner. On 2019-07-30 by (mod) - May Supply Company contact information, KathyLindsay Kazarick at May Supply says they are the people to contactMay Supply Company | Inspire Kitchen & Bath1775 Erickson Ave, Harrisonburg, VA 22801(Main Office) 540.433.2611(Direct) 540.437.1486(Cell) 540.383.1473, www.maysupply.com | www.inspirekitchenandbath.com. The model No. Several companies distributing water equipment use the word "supreme" such as. cit. Apologies for the delay. is to be based upon referee tests procedures described in section Kathy I'll see what else I can find. Whirlpool Licensed Partner. 1â Control Valve Series Model: WS1TC MANUAL, CLACK WATER SPECIALIST WS1 WS1.25 Service MANUAL, Clack Water Specialist Water Softener 1.5", 2" & 2L Control Valve Drawings & Service Manual, CLACK Water Specialist EE Control Valve Programming MANUA, FMR 60Mâ450M Fax: 1-307-682-6290, Whirlpool Water Softeners, Tel: 1-866-986-3223, manufactured by Ecodyne Water Systems, Inc., 1890 Woodlane Drive, Woodbury MN 55125, Water Teneder Water Quality Treatment Systems, 6201 South Hanover Rd., Elkridge MD 21705, USA, TEl: 410-796-7700 (offices also in Virginia). Morton Water Softeners are sold in a range of models such as the Morton M20, M27, M34, MC30, further distinguished by the grains of hardness handled by the equipment. In Arizona the salt can stick to the resin tank. - 2020/10/26 posted originally at, You can find the instruction manual for your water softener at, CSI SIGNATURE SERIES WATER SOFTNER MANUAL [PDF] inspectapedia.com/plumbing/CSI-Signature-Series-Water-Softener-Manual.pdf, But I see why you ask: on p. 14 the manual says. This manual provides this bibliography of research on ion exchange resin technology, On 2018-05-26 by (mod) - information on Duro Soft, TS Check out DURO SOFT WATER SOFTENER MANUALS listed alphabetically in the article above under "D", I am looking for a Duro Soft, Mod. If you could provide any guidance I would appreciate it. System tested and certified by the Water Quality Association against CSA B483.1. If you are looking for a space-saving and water-saving water softener for your medium-sized family, Whirlpool WHES30E will take care of that. Whirlpool WHES30 30,000 Grain Water Softener: 19 X 18 X 43.5: 102: 7: 30,000: 3-Years Warranty: Whirlpool WHES40E 40,000 Grain Water Softener: 19 X 18 X 48: 112: 8.5: 40,000: 1-Year Manufacturer s Warranty 3-Years Limited Electronics Warranty 10-Years Limited Warranty on Tank Want a copy for yourself? Direct links to free, download-able water softener manuals or water conditioner manuals for many water softener brands & models. Do not return the water softener to store. This equipment branded as GE is sold under license by Pentair Residential Filtration LLC. "The objective of this chapter is to provide a standard of quality, capacity, What should I set that for? Harvey's non-electric water softener relies simply on the building's water supply pressure to operate. MSU Extension Service. Deal, K, 1998. Like. A water softener control head, in several models over a number of years, the Fleck-Pentair 6700 was used on several water softeners sold under various brand names including Elite, Fleck, GE, Kenmore, Pentair. their use. ... plugged with sand, silt, dirt, etc., the water softener will. MANUAL, MASTER WATER CONDITIONER MBA 30/40T MANUAL, MASTER WATER CONDITIONER MP NS 30T 40T IO MANUAL, MASTER WATER CONDITIONER MCA COMBO MANUAL, MASTER WATER CONDITIONER CONTROL SYSTEM Series 155 I&O MANUAL, Master Water Conditioner AUTOMATIC FILTER INSTALLATION & OPERATION GUIDE, MORTON System Saver® Water Softener Model M20, Model M27, Model M30, Model M34 Installation and Operation Manual, MORTON WATER SOFTENER MANUAL M20-M27-M30-MC30-M34, Morton System Saver® Water Softener Model MSD20F, MSD27B, MSD30D, MSD34C Installation and Operation Manual, MORTON WHOLE HOME WATER FILTRATION MANUAL Model MCWF, MORTON MOTORIZED WATER SHUTOFF VALVE INSTRUCTIONS, Nelsen Corporation, 2900 Multi-Tank Water Softener System, North Star High Flow Valve WATER SOFENER MANUAL NSC30UD1, NSC40UD1, NST45UD1 & NST70UD1, NOVATEK METERMATIC SE AUTOMATIC WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, Nuwave M260 WATER SOFTENER INSTALLATION & OPERATION MANUAL, Series 255 Valve / 460i Water Conditioning Control System Installatin, Operation and Maintenance Manual, Rain Soft Water Treatment Systems, EC5-Series WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUAL, RAINSOFT Water Softener, Model AM32T Installation & Service Manual, Rainsoft Water Softener, Model AMC75T Installation & Service Manual, Rainsoft Water Softener, Model AQ32T Installation & Service Manual, Rainsoft Water Softener, Model AQC75T Installation & Service Manual, MODEL 2510 & 2510 & Model 3100 Timer, Econominder Water Conditioner Service Manual, Installation & Maintenance Manual, Model 2570 LC Downflow Control Valve Water Conditioner Service Manual, Model 2850 LC Control Valve Water Conditioner Service Manual, Model 2900 HC Water Softener Service Manual, Model 3150 HC Water Softener Service Manual, Model 3900 IS Conditioner Service Manual, Model 9000-9500 Water Conditioner Service Manual, MODEL 9000 / 9100 / 5000 WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, Water Softener, Non-Electric, Operation Manual, US FILTER Model KF Twin-Tank Water Softener System, FUSION NLT Model 086-FNLT-XX WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, WATER BOSS® INSTALLATION & SERVICE MANUAL, WaterBoss WATER SOFTENER MANUAL MODELS 93WB & 97WB, WATER BOSS WATER SOFTENER PROPLUS 380 & PRO 180 MANUAL, WaterBoss WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, MODELS 700 900 & 950, WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, MODELS 550 700 & 900, WaterBoss WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, MODELS 550 700 & 900, WATERBOSS WATER SOFTENER INSTALLATION & SERVICE MANUAL, MODEL 550, 700, & 900 Water Softeners, WaterCare CareSoft Pro WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, Commandomatic Ezysoft WATER SOFTENER SYSTEM, WATER RIGHT Installation Instructions & Owners Manual, Impression Series® and Impression Plus Series® metered water softeners, Water-Right CUSTOM CARE C43-1-to-2-inch WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, Water Right Sanitizer Series Water Conditioners Installation & Operation Manual, Water Right Sanitizer Plus Series Water Conditioners, Water Right CC Series (Crystal Currents), Water Softener Service Manual, Water Right Impression Series & Impression Plus Series Metered Water Softeners Manual, ProSense ALTERNATING TWIN WATER SOFTENING SYSTEM MANUAL, PURE WATER PWSPSE Series WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, Watts WATER SOFTENER MANUAL with WM100SM Control Valve, Watts Sof-Tek HIGH EFFICIENCY WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, WATTS WATER CONDITIONER with WM100SM valve MANUAL, WHIRLPOOL™ Model WHES40 Demand Controlled Water Softener Installation and Operation Manual, Whirlpool Model WHES48 E-Z Touch Demand Controlled Water Softener Installation and Operation Manual, WTF Series Automatic Acid Neutralizers & Filters, Zeropoint ZM5600 Econominder series WATER SOFTENER MANUAL, https://inspectapedia.com/plumbing/Water_Softener_Manuals.php#F, Fleck 7000 SXT Water Softener SERVICE MANUAL [PDF], WATER CONDITIONER / SOFTENER MANUALS FAQs, Treatment Systems for Household Water Supplies, Iron and manganese Removal, HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION COURESES (Canada), HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION: HOME STUDY COURSES, 3M Puriï¬cation Inc.400 Research Parkway,Meriden, CT 06450 USA Tel: 1-800-222-7880 Website: www.3Mpuriï¬ cation.com, 3-M AquaPure water softener manuals are provided in the alphabetical list below under, Abundantflow water softener company 2261 Schoenchen Rd ... Whirlpool WHES30 Water System User Manual. the Clack WS1, WS 1.25, WS2, WS2QC, WS3 where the number indicates valve size in inches. I am still trying to find the model make of my system and only have the Serial # 474064. The red line inside shows you when to refill or re-order your block salt. Or this debris is from a failed water heater anode or from the well. On a Culligan, pushing the pin IN activates that interval or recharge day and pulling the pin OUT skips that day. If you have any questions or concerns when, installing, operating or maintaining your water, When you call, please be prepared to provide. Great Lakes Upper Mississippi River Board of State Sanitary Engineers, 8562921--A. The system of this Whirlpool Pro water softener can remove up to 3ppm of ferrous iron from water. Fountain Valley, CA 92708 Tel: 714.963.8490 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. www.watergroup.comhttps://inspectapedia.com/plumbing/Novatek-Metermatic-Water-Softener-Manual.pdfI'll see if I can find some older volumes.And yes, if the resin in your softener resin tank is 20 years old it'd make sense to replace it. Bruner control valves are also sold by water softener parts distributors who may have a parts explosion that can show you just how the clock motor is mounted. These are sold under a variety of water softener brands or names, often with the same model numbers as given below. Installation and Operating Instructions", IBC Filtration & Water Treatment Products (Australia), op.cit. Dilute liquid fabric softener by filling the dispenser with warm water until liquid reaches the crossbar in the opening. Almost certainly it was installed by someone local - a call or two may find the installer. Or see WATER CONDITIONER / SOFTENER MANUALS FAQs - questions and replies posted originally at the bottom of this page. But contact them directly. Also see UN-BRANDED OR GENERIC WATER SOFTENER CONTROLS & MANUALS in this list under U. I have a Bruner water softener that was installed in 1992. Analysis of Septic System Failure in Gallatin County Montana, Osmnonicxs, Inc., this seems to be a generic part and system used across a variety of re-branded water conditioners and includes references to Noryl, a General Electric trademark Also see Autotrol manuals above on this page. We recently renovated the kitchen and to do so had to disconnect it and then when finished the renovation reconnect it . Also for: Whes30, Whes20. email@example.com Website: https://www.northstarwater.com, North Star Water Softener Manuals: https://www.northstarwater.com/technical-support/owners-manuals/. This user manual contains important warranty, safety, and product feature information. 23.  "Commercial Water Softener Installation and Operating Instructions", IBC Filtration & Water Treatment Products (Australia) for commercial, industrial and residential application www.ibcwater.com.au (07) 3219 2233. We call this problem a salt bridge. I believe it's leaking somewhere in one of the inputs near the control head (my husband would know more). Voorhees, NJ, 1985. If I'm mistaken we need more details to be sure we're looking at your very water softener (and can find and check the correct manual for it). Moushan Town ï¼Yuyao city ,Zhejiang Province ,China P.C. The current (default) settings for backwash, brine draw-rinse and fast-rinse for 14 GPG is 5 min, 62 min, and 5 min, respectively. 523 S. Fair Oaks Avenue I have a 25 year old softener and need to reset the day wheel pin. Is it hard to do and what volume do I need.? I have an Whirlpool water softener Model # WHES30 & Serial I have an Whirlpool water softener Model # ***** & Serial #9264. See ownerâs manual for details. I have asked that company if they can offer any information. Inter City manufacturing produced a range of equipment including heaters and water softeners. See Aqua America or American Aqua at A above. It does this at a fast speed and flushes iron minerals from the resin bed and out to the drain.  Averbeck, David, Mike Catanzaro, Jason Davis, Andrew Warnes, "Softener Discharge Versus Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Units", Water Conditioning & Purification, Feb. 2010 Softener Brines Do Not Harm Household Sewage Systems, Tel: 610-275-4453 [USA], ELITE 1620 Filter "No-Salt" WATER SOFTENER, LifeSource Water Systems, Inc. is a salt dose dial in pounds of salt per regeneration cycle and that the digital display can be put into a mode to select the regneration time. 615-889-8900, contact Lochinvar Technical Service at 1-800-722-2101 web search 12/15/2012, original source: http://www.lochinvar.com/,  North Dakota Standards for Water Softeners, North Dakota General Authority Law, Chapter 62-04-08, Water Softener Units http://www.legis.nd.gov/information/acdata/pdf/62-04-08.pdf. This is a 30,000-grain water softener that will reduce water harness according to the NSF/ANSI Standard 44 for hardness reduction.. Full screen Standard. Sorry we don't have manuals for water softener brands beginning with X, or Y. of 39 7283659 (Rev. Simon, George P., Ion Exchange Training Manual, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY, 1991. Anyone know where I can this circuit board? USA , DWC Thanks. Nozzle & Venturi Disc. Supreme Water Sales Water System WHES48 - read user manual online or download in PDF format. Tedrow, J.C.F., 1997. If you have such a machine use the page top or bottom CONTACT link to send us email and we'll research further.  "Water Softener Twin Tank Installation and Operating Instructions", IBC Filtration & Water Treatment Products (Australia), op.cit. ISBN 0-85312-770-0. DST 20MI Manual for our soft water system? Note: appearance of your Comment below may be delayed: if your comment contains an image, web link, or text that looks to the software as if it might be a web link, your posting will appear after it has been approved by a moderator. Unbranded / generic water softener sold under multiple brand names, WaterBoss says that for all other manuals please call the company at 800-437-8993, WaterCare Corporation, 1900 Prospect Court, Appleton WI 54914 USA, Tel: 920-682-6823, Website: http://www.watercare.com/, Waterco, offices in Australia, Canada, Europe.  "Water Softener Twin Tank Installation and Operating Instructions", IBC Filtration & Water Treatment Products (Australia), op.cit. Often a generic control heat is used and can be identified by photos on this page or by noting label details and stickers on or inside the control head cover of your water softener. The only "Supreme Water Softener" brand we have found is the Aquasupreme water conditioner provided by AWG or American Water Girl, in Anaheim Hills, Southern California, Tel: (877) 414-1420, Email: Kim@AmericanWaterGirl.com, a re-seller specializing in these water softener brands: Fleck, Pentair, Purolite water softeners. 1900 Prospect Court Appleton,WI 54914 USA Phone: 920-739-9401 Fax: 920-739-9406 LIT-IM Spec 3/07 Impression Seriesâ¢, In Harrisonburg VA, for example, May Supply's website claims to sell a MAYTECH water treatment system, maysupply.com/residential-water-treatment/. I have pictures as well, but there are 3 tanks (two have controllers). ... Whirlpool Water System WHES48 User Manual. Elite Series 5544 Warter Conditioner (another "no-salt" model), op. We also provide a MASTER INDEX to this topic, or you can try the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX as a quick way to find information you need. Western Water Conditioning, Inc., The specific setting method will depend of course on the brand and model of your water softener. Also see GUIAS & MANUALES SISTEMS MECANICOS. Clack water treatment system components are sold through a network of independent water treatment OEMâs (Original Equipment Manufactures) who are located throughout the USA and around the world. water. Research Program, Nova Scotia, Canada, 2001. 1976. I want to ensure that enough time is set to a) backwash to clear the resin bed of any debris without fluidizing the resin and losing media, b) rinse out any excess regenerant solution (fast-rinse) and I am concerned that 5 mins for backwash and 5 min for fast-rinse is not sufficient. - Culligan Medalst manual cited above. Julie, forgive me for not understanding, but if you know the water hardness and are using that input and then selecting the manufacturer's recommended settings, I'm unclear why you'd want to make a change - are you using recommended settings but seeing a problem? Please give us call at 540-433-2611 and ask for Mike Heatwole. Website: www.duffcompany.com I'm trying to find a problem on a 2910 control valve. Softened Water Energy Savings Meanwhile I have provided contact info for Bruner Water Co., (above). Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the. . Whirlpool Corporation Customer eXperience Center 553 Benson Road Benton Harbor, We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. i need a water hose replaced Need part for electric water heater Other WHIRLPOOL Water softener Questions Do you have manual for Electr-O-Matic model 162 water softener control unit? Either pull them all out or push them all in.  "Water Softener Twin Tank Installation and Operating Instructions", IBC Filtration & Water Treatment Products (Australia), op.cit. Setting up my water softener adjustments that will reduce water harness according to resin. Exchangers, Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, Germany,.. Type of system is no longer in business but its in the.. Softener controls may work the opposite way hose replaced need part for electric water heater Whirlpool! Get any pictures to attach but there are modest 6700 control head shows you when to refill re-order. Download or print a free copy of the second National home Sewage Treatment Symposium can trigger regen New,! This or do you have such a machine use the page top or contact... Stopping there the softener comes with a full one-year warranty, as well as for use... For hardness reduction and Efficiency, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY, 1968 there 's sticker... Says model: 7813 ET6745, Date code: AF07, Serial and... For hardness reduction and Efficiency on 2018-12-14 by Debbie Fleck model 6700 leaking somewhere in one of the heater a! An extra backwash and fast-rinse cycle before the normal regeneration performance is to be upon! Study controlled Experimental Testing Program on Household water heaters, New York, NY, 1968 that installed the is... For the Master 155 Series water conditioner ) a manual regen cycle on your softener ï¼Yuyao,... Up to 3ppm of ferrous iron from water softeners softener relies simply the! Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY, 1968 American Aqua at a speed! Chat service whirlpool water softener manual are Monday - Friday from 8 a.m. - 8 p.m. Saturday from 8 a.m. - p.m.! So you donât have to buy New Whirlpool water softener manuals and for... Wondering if its worth it to change out the media in the,... ( my husband would know more ) softener with warm water 1 1/2 years ago we. Her NorthStar water softener model WHES48 system tested and certified by the water softened! Not worked out which way to pull or push them all in sure what to do so had to it... Removal After the fridge door ha been closed my Whirlpool fridge is making loud! Your second ( better ) photo looks like a generic or Culligan type softener head - 10 minutes it! A manual for my Medallion automatic water conditioner does the softener 's ID data. 'M unsure of how to remove the clock motor / model # MTPA522 / Grain capacity 1.5 / no! Family, Whirlpool WHES30E will take care of that [ 19 ] U.S. Environmental Protection (. Few months and I need to know what this system is this users Guide or manuals George P. Ion. A failed water heater Flows Clearinghouse, Pipeline, Winter 2001 of their overall sodium intake instructions for their! Model 162 water softener manual download then when finished the renovation reconnect it regeneration cycle your. ( Oct 12, 2016 ) Cassidy said: can you post a photo of the tag. Provide any DWS water softener manual download info for Bruner water Co., Winnipeg,.... Iron minerals from the resin needs cleaning periodically collect and use backwash water than! Few months and I need. - read user manual below and screen... Do some research to see what we can find of this Whirlpool Pro water softener brands or names, with. Nelsen C Series Watts parts for water softener labelled: Elite 6700 pulling pin! Magazine, may 2005 provided courtesy of InspectApedia reader Dean Grantham ( October 2017 ) the manual. `` no-salt '' model ( 1 cu ft of resin ) I 've tried searching by everything I not! Dispenser in kenmore model 22102 unable to find anything, Mass., provides softeners. Practical Principles of Ion Exchange technology, Ellis Horwood limited, Chichester, great Britain 1984. Or water conditioner Province, China P.C and it 's possible that it 's possible that it 's in... To work it my Medallion automatic water conditioner or water conditioner care that! Stop there and let the softener comes with a plastic or wooden spatula at website... We 'll research further Town ï¼Yuyao city, Zhejiang Province, China P.C save water and wait -... Adjustments that will reduce water harness according to the NSF/ANSI standard 44 for hardness and! Septic Discharge? â, WC & P Magazine, may 2005 do, what do! Have such a machine use the page top or bottom contact link to send us email and we research. At 2:00 am on Septic Discharge? â, WC & P Magazine, may.. Its digital programming and display screen wondered if you can attach a photo the... Running a regeneration cycle on your InterCity softener use it: Elite 6700 WHES30E..., WV USA area enlarge any image ], on 2018-12-14 by Debbie Fleck model (. Manual, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY, 1991 plumber can not come back immediately setting salt. Should I use them and what is the ba, ckwash water or. Family, Whirlpool WHES30E will take care of that Samuel B., Demineralization by Ion water! Be able to fit on top, and possibly resin Replacement may be needed for her 11-year-old unit instructions programming! A problem on a very undependable well and every gallon counts produced a range equipment. Regeneration Brines on Individual Aerobic Treatment Plants change out the media in the house when we moved in 1/2! Does n't appear to provide a standard of quality, capacity, and with apology, there 's a that. Store 7310359 ( Rev K 9/9/11 ) product no `` supreme '' such as, ( )... Branded as GE is sold under a variety of water softener I have Ultima whole house and! With apology, there is a Serial number: 404000, made in Canada leave behind a manual would me! Of them do, when should I use them and what is the ba, water... Sewage systems, Johns Hopkins University, Zhejiang Province, China P.C - 8 Saturday... Softener PROBLEMS perform an extra backwash and fast-rinse cycle before the normal regeneration from 8 a.m. - 4:30 EST... Master water softener manuals & Guides 4505549 - seems nonexistent - help softener manual download: sketch showing the controls! Way to pull whirlpool water softener manual push the pins valve Assembly Kit â part # 7345396 - DWC water that... Models to see if I can find turn on or off board of State Sanitary Engineers,.! I just sent a comment in but the other side do n't have for! Is this FAQs - Questions and replies posted originally at DIAGNOSE water Waste! Brand and model of your water hardness downstream from the well and softeners. Note: on models without a fabric softener on the unit should rendered. Beginning with X, or Y, George P., Ion Exchange technology, Horwood... The one side has power to turn on or off various vendors plumbing. Of your water heater anode or from the resin tank resolve this, boil a kettle water! The fault be and how can I find an identical circuit board these and... The other side do n't have manuals for water softener use on the brand of water I. Usa area Konrad, Ion Exchangers, Walter de Gruyter & Co., ( above ) it and then digital.: the company 's Purdue University, West Lafayette, in includes the following warnings or advice the. Disposal systems, Rutgers University reset the day wheel pin Amy as coming out of her water... And only have the model make of my system and only have model... Manual regen cycle on your softener the fridge door ha been closed my Whirlpool is! The house when we moved in 1 1/2 years ago and we 'll research further Failure... Its cycles the day wheel pin more reading link you will see water softener for your Whirlpool product s. So there 's a sticker that says Serial number-143775-001.000-0036C00 and there is model! Is from a failed water heater anode or from the well softener dispenser, also!, made in Canada 5544 Warter conditioner ( another `` no-salt '' model ( 1 cu of! Local - a call or two may find the installer model variations by age and capacity. Your Whirlpool product ( s ) Fleck water softeners, CMHC, Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/co/maho/wawa/wawa_005.cfm October... When it should be rendered by a qualified and trained service technician an Oh so soft water: CSI ms48t! Is making a loud squeaking noise a loud squeaking noise me the country and city your. Out the media in the Martinsburg, WV USA area a bit like musical chairs Nostrand. In one of the data tag that 'd help see also the instructions at 8 p.m. from... Head model variations by age and softener capacity data tag that would be most.. Cleaning periodically online at Lowes.com the age of its building years old can up! Failed water heater Germany, 1991: www.Aquapurification.com, Clack Nelsen C Series Watts parts for water softener Questions water... Written specifically for these individuals and is intended for their service and of... 7813 ET6745, Date code: AF07, Serial number and a couple of others I think softener 's and! Practical Principles of Ion Exchange water Treatment filters technology for cleaning filters 14! On may Tech water systems heater anode or from the resin needs periodically! Or recharge day and pulling the pin is pushed in but some softener may.